A recent survey by the Bank of Spain reflects an increase in the distance work modality in 80% of those surveyed, as a result of Covid-19. Previously, in 2019, only 4,8% of the Spanish working population claimed to work regularly from home and 3.5% occasionally, according to Eurostat.
Given this environment, some companies, almost all technology multinationals, have communicated to their employees that they can work remotely permanently, until it is safe to return to the offices. In many of these companies, new policies are being implemented to try to improve working conditions outside the office, be it through technological tools, ergonomic work furniture and support for physical and mental health.
But how does remote work work today? Different studies confirm that the vast majority work from home, others from their second residence in the same country and, in some cases, in a country other than the one where the company where they carry out their activity is located.
The modalities of remote work, such as spaces of coworking y coliving, have had positive growth in recent years, with pleasant offices based on collaborative work, in cities or rural areas, which have a wide range of professional infrastructures and associated services (offers well-being of gyms, massages, yoga workshops, homeschooling, meeting spaces and specialized communities). In this regard, some countries offer attractive incentives and conditions to carry out long-term telework, to attract investment.
On the other hand, the new environment requires new solutions and a legal framework adapted to the demands of the labor market, with more flexibility, responsibility and autonomy. Although many companies have teleworking policies in place, many do not have specific regulations. With the aim of minimizing these differences, the new regulations in Spain, RDL 28/2020, come into force on October 13, 2020. For its correct application, a series of requirements are mentioned, such as: the voluntary nature , remote work time equal to or greater than 30% of the working day and provide employees with the necessary means and equipment.
Remote work leads us to an exponential growth of the digital economy, as reflected in the Digital Spain Plan 2025, because the traditional model needs to be transformed, not only due to the Coronavirus, but because it is required by the continuous and inexorable evolution of the business world. In addition, the increase in teleworking will lead to unprecedented changes in the workforce and in the economy, since it will allow more flexibility, if the technological conditions are created for it, as well as for each particular case.
Therefore, the future of telework will be in the concept "work from anywhere " which replaces the policies of “work from home ”, In addition, the sHybrid solutions (not just home, not just office), because studies suggest that in the coming years it will be possible to work from home, a few days a week, and use hubs, with different configurations to the current offices, to connect. Ultimately, organizations are going to find new ways to organize work and remotely motivate their employees, minimizing the impact of distance and sharing values based on trust.